Simple Behavior Change Can Prevent Dementia, Experts | Health

Taking a simple walk into everyday life is one of the best ways to exercise.

Taking a simple walk into everyday life is one of the best ways to exercise.

Forgetfulness, hard thinking and daily work are the hallmarks of aging, right? According to American physician Sanjay Gupta, director of neurosurgery at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, USA, the answer to this question is “no”.

For a physician, who has spent three years collecting evidence and talking to experts around the world about understanding the brain and how it works better, cognitive decline and dementia are not the norm. occurrence of aging.

The findings of this article are compiled in the book “Sharp Mind: Creating a Functional and Healthy Mind for All Ages”, recently published in Brazil by Sextante. In an interview with GLOBO, by Zoom, Gupta affirmed its ability to promote the development of new neurons, improve the health and functioning of your brain on a daily basis.

It also describes the best ideas to keep your mind sharp (spoiler: it’s not a crossword puzzle or sudoku puzzle) and provides practical-and-easy-to-understand tips on how to improve your skills. smart in all ages.

In your book, you address five key areas of mental health – mobility, discovery, relaxation, support, and connection. What is the most important thing to keep in mind?

I have been studying psychology for 25 years and I have learned a lot. Regular physical activity is a function that affects mental health has been proven by the most scientific evidence.

I think people are surprised by this, because there is a better understanding that doing rhymes would be better. But exercise is the best way to release BDNF, which represents the brain-derived neurotrophic factor. This is an item that your body creates or not. You can not inject or take a pill of it. And the most reliable way to create it is by movement. But there is a curiosity about it. All types of exercise are good for developing neurotrophic factors that support brain development.

However, strenuous exercise also releases cortisol, called the stress hormone, and this reduces the impact on growth. So, you have to understand that movement is good, but the type of exercise that is good for the brain is different from the impact on the heart. Walking briskly is more beneficial to my brain than running.

Eating well is also important. The brain is very sensitive to sugar. To give you an idea of ​​the impact, if someone has been screened or has an important meeting and they eat a lot of sugar it will slow down their brain function for a while. People think that eating sweets will make you stronger, but in reality, it is different.

And does this apply to all ages or age-appropriate strategies?

There is no doubt that the earlier you start these ideas, the greater the impact. But even if they start later, there will be repercussions. You may get more ideas or use them with more effort as you age, because your brain will not produce many new cells. But, deep down, they are the same idea, in different doses.

Before thinking about treating something with medication, we need to understand the negative effects we cause on the brain and address it.

Is it enough to maintain a healthy diet to keep the brain healthy?

I am a neurosurgeon and I know that sometimes people need medical attention. The biggest lesson for me is understanding that the vast majority of people in the developed world do not do what humans should do. As a brand, we need to move around a lot. In fact, people do not sit until they are old. Now, we sit most of the day.

The way we eat is also wrong. We did not eat sugar, except when the fruit fell from the tree. Now, we eat hundreds of pounds of sugar a year on average.

Another important factor is sleep. In indigenous cultures, people sleep eight to nine hours a night because they do not look at their cell phones. So my point is, before we think about treating something with medication, we need to understand the negative aspects of our brain function and address it.

You say that relationships are more important than rhyming words to the brain. However, in the last two years we have spent most of our separation from contact with others. Will this happen?

Yes and there is a lot of evidence for that. But we must remember that before the outbreak, the negative effects of loneliness and loneliness were discussed. The interesting thing is the loneliness is what people think. Some people will not interact with others, but they are not alone. Others will be around a lot of people and still feel lonely.

It is therefore important to understand that loneliness does not mean being alone physically. I think even in the face of adversity, contagion can still bring good information.

First, emphasize the importance of outdoor relationships. We understand that germs do not spread well outdoors, which is a good place to walk fast. This exercise is good for your brain. If you can do this with a friend or family member, better.

The second is that we see other options for relationships. Prior to the transmission, we did not have data on such virtual connections. The data is all based on personal connections.

Now we get a lot of information at the cost of just being able to look at someone when we talk, see their body language, their mouth move, even like. My parents were in their late 70s and lived in another state. We talked a lot over the phone, but when there was a worldwide spread we started doing video conferencing and I think that made a big difference.

Remember, even for a short time, what the keys are is something to be concerned about.

How do people differentiate between normal consciousness and an expression of neurological problems?

Lack of attention is behind most memory problems. I think we can use standard braces as an example of this. If you can not find your missing keys, it is probably not something to worry about. Usually, it just means he just does not care what he does.

To remember something, you have to focus on it. If you do not know where you put your keys, you have not forgotten where you put your keys. You never forget where you put your key.

On the other hand, do not forget, even for a short period of time, what the key is to worry about. Another warning is when memory problems start to distract you day in and day out in ways that you forget about simple things like taking medicine or taking a shower.

In modern life, multitasking is synonymous with productivity. However, you say the leadership is bad. Will there be no aftercare?

The brain uses energy to change tasks. The biggest tip I learned was that when you go from one job to another, you work hard and do not work as well or as you would like. I really do sin like everyone else.

Sometimes you have to do this because you just have to pick up the kids from school and do some chores. But it should be ensured that multitasking will not affect your productivity. The more you can plan your day in the office, for example working on one thing, stopping, and then restarting, the better.

You talk a lot about cognitive storage and mental resilience. What is it and how important is it to keep the mind smart?

Every human being uses our entire brain, but we probably spend 10% of our brain 90% of the time. In order to develop intelligence, which is the brain is able to focus and guide itself around the problems it faces, we need to use many other areas of the brain. Most people think they are training their brain by making crossword puzzles or sudoku puzzles. And when both are excellent, these two things just instruct your brain to do something more often.

Like telling him to drive the same way again. In order to create hope, we need to use different areas of the brain. That means trying new things. Better a thing to do with the motor. And if you can do it differently than you used to, even better.

For me, for example, this is painting with my left hand. I was a terrible artist, but I started painting when there was a spread. And I was right-handed, but now I have become a left-handed painter. This is just an example. It is worth brushing your teeth or trying to eat with your weak hands.

However, just try to do a lot of different things. This will open up areas of your brain in ways that have not been opened before, increasing intelligence storage, which leads to energy. A strong mind will monitor the situation and can immediately decide what to do with it, how to solve the problem, however. A very weak brain is one that is immediately overwhelmed by the situation. She did not know what to do and was paralyzed.

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