In the city of Bahia, the number of registrations of norovirus is increasing, according to research from the virology laboratory of the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). The situation in Salvador is indicative of an infectious disease similar to the symptoms of food poisoning, marked by vomiting and diarrhea.
Between April and May, 15 people were diagnosed with norovirus. The numbers may seem small, but a few cases have been screened and examined in a laboratory, indicating the risk of inadequate exposure of infected patients.
Despite the increase and demand for emergency care in emergency hospitals (UPas) and influenza, legally, the City Health Department does not acknowledge that the city exposed to norovirus.
Medical records of the development of the disease
“I have seen the disease in an example of stool from a private hospital and I know patients with diarrhea and vomiting have arrived at other hospitals. It is Good to warn, because I have seen, in the samples I received from a hospital, a hospital, norovirus “, explains Gúbio Soares, virologist at the UFBA Institute of Health Sciences, for G1.
According to specialists, the status of norovirus favors, “because it is not a common disease, and it is not always present in the population. When it occurs, the preference is increase and cause a large contagion ”.
What are the symptoms of norovirus?
“Norovirus is a highly contagious disease that causes vomiting and diarrhea,” said the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). According to the organization, the disease causes gastrointestinal and / or intestinal, gastrointestinal disorders.
Among the major symptoms of the disease, CDC states:
- Abdominal pain;
- Abdominal pain;
- physical pain;
Symptoms of the disease appear between 12 and 48 hours after a person has been infected, according to the CDC. Although the pain is severe, most people like to improve within one to three days.
Due to the presence of intestinal symptoms, the disease is often referred to as “abdominal pain” or “abdominal pain.” Although noroviruses are known to cause diarrhea, other viruses and toxins can also cause similar symptoms. not only causes vomiting and diarrhea.
Risk of dehydration
Because the symptoms occur most often from the disease, the patient may suffer from dehydration. This picture shows children, the elderly and people with other pre-existing diseases. Generally, the advice is to drink plenty of fluids, which avoid problems and help improve a person’s health.
How to protect yourself?
Norovirus is spread by taking contaminated drugs or by contact with infected people. In this understanding, it is important to take extra care to prevent the spread of disease, such as:
- Avoid contact with people with intestinal symptoms;
- Eating unclean food or water;
- Always wash fruits and vegetables before eating;
- Wash your hands regularly.
“Most of these infections occur in food service establishments such as restaurants,” the CDC explains the plight of Americans. In Salvador, the origin of the disease has not been clarified.
Is there treatment?
There is no specific treatment for norovirus. Thus, treatment is palliative and seeks to reduce the patient’s symptoms. The key is to keep the body hydrated, to keep the electrolyte replaced. For this, the patient can apply oral saline or even home remedies. In severe cases, intravenous fluids may be necessary. Confirmation of the diagnosis is made by a stool sample.
Source: CDC, Goiás Province and G1