How to create a decentralized Twitter – Cryptocurrencies

* By Preston J. Byrne

Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s acquisition of Twitter has sparked an old “cryptoverse” discussion about the new product: “community outreach.”

Just as Bitcoin (BTC) is a censorship-resistant currency, the theory goes that we can still use cryptocurrency processes to run censorship-resistant social media apps! While creating a social media app is not an easy task, operating a relationship is very difficult.

And I say this correctly: in 2014, I, Casey Kuhlman (CEO of Monax), and Tyler Jackson (quantum mathematics) applied for a DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) called “Eris”, which is a shared on Reddit that can run. of the blockchain – of the Ethereum (ETH) network, more clearly. This project failed for many reasons – not least because in 2014 the market could not distinguish between smart contracts and ideas without much foundation.

The problems with trying to “improve Facebook” are both technological and legal. For one, decentralized implementation is rarely an indicator. Facebook generates more than 4 petabytes of data per day. This is just too much data for a large number of “nodes” (computers connected to a blockchain). Even government platforms like Mastodon (a social network like Twitter), which follows the lines of decentralized Bitcoin and centralized Facebook, face the bottle.

Blockchains solve the problem of censorship of the margins, but seem to be a heavy and repetitive burden to control the massive global communications. Similarly, it is important to be able to remove ads – from crazy to unreliable – from platforms such as Twitter.

However, where there is a lot of stress, it is where technology meets the requirements. Decentralized social media may be possible, but the form it uses will be similar to existing rules, regulations, and standards.

Media companies, as you know, are subject to many rules. These laws govern the destruction and disclosure of illegal content, legal issues, data protection, and the required disclosure of registration information, among others. The law also varies from country to country. All these factors must be considered in the design of each community broadcast application.

illegal content

One impact for decentralized applications is the problem of “illegal products”.

In the United States, Brazil and around the world, one type of illegal content is seen as child abuse. While the penalties for knowing how to hold these devices are heavy, ranging from large fines to long prison terms, the cryptocurrency market is the answer to the internet age problem of this age. have ignored it completely.

Reddit, Twitter and Facebook, which host the content community, are leading the way in eliminating user content. In U.S. – Remove photos and videos, keep them safe for 90 days, and then destroy them altogether. .

Abroad, where the First Amendment (part of U.S. Constitution) does not exist, there are several categories of “illegal content.” Some examples are the German law Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz, or “NetzDG,” which requires the staff of social services to register with the government and, after reaching some extent, comply with the request. remove; French law number “2020-766”, which penalizes those who do not remove illegal goods, including the word “terrorist”, within an hour after the announcement; or Section 5 of the UK Defamation Act 2013, which provides for the removal and revocation of procedures for allegations that are in line with US law.

While platforms like Reddit and Facebook have responded to all of the above requests and needs, blockchain services like StorJ or Sia, to my experience, have no control over this. They allow the storage of encrypted data without the need to create registry entries or procedures for service providers – in this case, the user node – to identify the stored data.

It seems that illegal data collection services are now being used to hold illegal content, without the knowledge of the landlord. This non-discrimination would not be a good idea for a “distribution” media app, which should be designed in such a way that a legitimate user can participate in it. the network and make sure they do not violate local laws.

Until now, there is no blockchain solution with archives trying to solve this problem. This is because no one will run one of the decentralized programs if there is a risk of going to jail.


Similarly, our intellectual property management is not conducive to division.

Administrators of nodes – are organizations “that provide the transmission, transmission or connection to online communications … of products of the user’s choice. , no modification of the content of the goods sent or received “- is a” service provider “, in accordance with US copyright law.

Therefore, they have to consider themselves exposed to hosting products that can lead to claims of infringement. At the very least, a solution to this problem would require a fair amount of legal proclamation and removal of procedures for the third point held by one.

It is also possible that “copyright trolls” – legal companies that have acquired multiple rights and sued “accused” of infringement of their intellectual property – destroy the merchants in reliance on trust to extort small dollars. This can lead to commercial applications that do not support images or videos – because these are the most common protective devices used by bad law firms.

It is difficult to predict the types of crimes and abuse that one would face in the medium that has not yet occurred. Judging by what we see in Web 2.0, however, having legal trolls in Web 3.0 is a virtual reality when it comes to benefiting them there.

Protection and disclosure of information

Another problem arises when we determine that a participant in a node can, during operation of its node, receive large data from the node.

In the US, node employees may be considered as “electronic communication service providers” for legal purposes and are therefore required to submit data on their system. computers to the government without a license – at least for which this information is involved. third parties that are under the ownership and control of the node operator.

Users do not seem to want to run a network that has access to their lives. Applications should be designed to keep the third party data on their nodes as low as possible.

The founder of a decentralized social media

All of the issues listed above highlight one important issue: the media is subject to censorship and exclusion – unchanged, data sharing worldwide. Decentralized technology like Bitcoin is developed in a way that makes deletion impossible or otherwise expensive. A decentralized Twitter may not be like BTC.

The need for content removal and mediation – whether there is liability for wrongdoing, public liability or easy access – will be paramount. deep in the design of all community media. At the very least, the importance of media content for users of social media means simply throwing everything into the blockchain, according to Bitclout (open source chat.) do, and then repeat it on any part of the network. But I think that just might not work.

My theory is that the first real success of the “fair” media relationship will not be to try to be competitive, but to have its users repeat the data. can be used to the minimum needed to keep the network running. The “blockchain” part, if any, should be set aside to provide access to records and keys to the public.

It will also restrict the types of files that users use for most text. This is an insufficient responsibility by law enforcement, jurisdiction, and data protection. It also has lower bandwidth and will be easier for peer-to-peer delivery.

Video and image hosting, just because a lot of data is involved, may seem outsourced, much like it is now. There are many third party platforms (Bitchute, Cozy, Odysee) that have lax, but no, content management content for video content. This can make all the difference in the market now received by companies like YouTube.

All community outreach programs are required to submit this content without restricting links to these services.

The compatibility that exists depends on the users – they can control the content they see by operating on their own blacklist / blacklist of third party service providers. A decentralized system would become another reference point for these facilities.

I could be wrong, of course. Some prodigy sites can, as we say, have written 6,000-word ads as well as community-based media that can solve any major problems. I guess, however, if the simplest answer would be true. “Decentralized social media” would be more like RSS (an easy way to publish news) than the Ethereum network.

Although this report describes a negative solution to the censorship controversy, a negative solution would, however, suffice. Much of the political “censorship” that occurs on Twitter and Facebook is not on photos and videos, but on links to third parties, misrepresentations of thought and action. know themselves.

A solution to censorship may need to be to ensure that texts, links, and personalities are not censorable – with texts and links being proprietary, and self-transferable. yes. If we set the issue within these constraints, I think the viability of the Twitter distribution could be achieved in the future.

* Preston Byrne is a journalist for CoinDesk and a partner at law firm Anderson Kill.

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