Half of those diagnosed with covid-19 have side effects that can last longer than a year, according to research from the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) Minas. Researchers at the school identified 23 symptoms after the end of the disease. Fatigue, insomnia and difficulty with daily activities are the most common complaints from patients.
The results of the study were published in the journal Economics of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. The study followed 646 infected patients in 2020 and 2021 for 14 months and found that 324 of them (50.2%) had post-infection symptoms, which indicate which the World Health Organization (WHO) classifies as long-term covid.
Fatigue, which is characterized by fatigue and difficulty in daily activities, was reported by 115 people, that is, 35.6% of patients followed. Other reported sequelae were persistent cough (34%), difficulty breathing (26.5%), odorless or tasteless (20.1%), headache (17.3%) and thrombosis (6.2%). Problems such as insomnia, reported by 8% of patients followed, anxiety (7.1%) and dizziness (5.6%) were also observed.
According to the researcher Rafaella Fortini, who conducted the study, all symptoms start after a severe illness. Many symptoms appear within 14 months, with some exceptions, such as thrombosis, by which the patient recovers within a period of five months, as they have recovered. by appropriate treatment.
Studies have shown that there are seven different types, including high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, leukemia, leukemia, kidney disease, kidney disease and smoking or drinking. alcohol, exacerbates infections and increases the risk of sequelae.
The sequelae were found in patients ranging from the most severe or asymptomatic to the most severe of the covid-19. In the severe form, out of a total of 260 patients, 86, that is, 33.1%, had chronic symptoms. Of the 57 patients diagnosed with moderate disease, 43, that is, 75.4%, had symptoms and, of the 329 patients with soft tissue, 198 (59.3%) had symptoms. several months after the end of the disease.
Rafaella Fortini has pointed out that it is important to seek medical help for the treatment of long-term covid, even with minor ailments, which can affect quality of life.
The research was performed on patients treated in the emergency rooms of Baleia Bath Hospital and Dr. Metropolitano Hospital. Célio de Castro, both used for the covid-19 in Belo Horizonte. Patients seek care from April 2020 to March 2021.
Everyone was tested and diagnosed with the disease. Of the 646 patients who followed, only five were vaccinated and, of these, three had long-term coronavirus infection. The ages of the participants were between 18 and 91 years; 53.9% are women.
Additional screening and sequelae screening can be done through monthly interviews, in person, or through a virtual platform, 14 months after diagnosis, at the time of The March 2020 and November 2021.