Children who transition to a new gender with a change in society – eating new names, words, haircuts and clothes – are more likely to continue to be identified as five genders. years later, according to a report released Wednesday, the first study of its kind.
This data is from the Trans Youth Project, a well-known study of 317 children across the United States and Canada who underwent social change between the ages of 3 and 12. Participants changed, on average, at age 6.5.
Most of the groups still identified their new sex five years later, according to research, and many began using hormonal drugs at a young age to induce biological changes to follow. as their gender. The study found that 2.5 percent of the groups were re-identified based on the gender they were given at birth.
As the stress of increasing courts and tribunals across the country over the need for adequate health care for juvenile delinquents, there is less and less difficult data to explain their long-term development. The new study provides one of the first major data sets in this category. Scientists plan to continue to follow this group for 20 years after their transformation began.
Kristina Olson, a psychiatrist at Princeton University, said: “There is such an idea that children will start to act and they will change their minds.” see that. “
Dr. Olson and other researchers have pointed out, however, that the study may not be as comprehensive in all children as variables. Two-thirds of the participants were white, for example, and parents preferred income and education more than the general population. All parents are encouraged enough to support the changing relationship.
And because the study began nearly a decade ago, it is unclear whether it interferes with modern models, when many children are found to be trans. Two-thirds of the participants in the study were transgender girls who gave birth to boys. But in the last few years, young men and women clinics around the world have reported the pain of young patients giving birth girls who have recently been identify as man traded or non-binary.
These groups also have a number of concerns about mental illness, including mental illness and ADHD, writes Laura Edwards-Leeper, an Oregon-based psychiatrist who specializes in caring for changing children. change. “That was the team I was most concerned about today,” he said.
“I think this study does not tell us anything about these children,” Dr. Edwards-Leeper added. “It just’s different.”
Trans Youth Project researchers began recruiting in 2013, traveling to more than 40 states and two Canadian states to interview families. This in-depth data is rare in this type of research, which is often obtained from online research or by children being referred to specialized clinics, which are often older and usually from smaller areas.
Previous publishers working on the project have found that children who are supported by their parents during a change in relationship are approximately equal to children who are not. people fluctuate according to the amount of stress, with less stress.
The new study, published in the journal Pediatrics, follows this group as they reach the critical five years out of their changing society. The study found that 94 percent of the groups were still identified as migrants five years later. Another 3.5 percent are considered nonbinary, meaning they have not been identified as gender. This label was not widely used when scientists started research like today.
By the end of the school year, by 2020, 60 percent of children would have started taking anti-aging drugs or hormones. Researchers are still collecting data on how many young people are involved in sex reassignment surgery, Drs. Olson said.
Eight children, or 2.5 percent, were converted to the sex they were born with. Seven of them changed relationships before the age of 6 and changed back before the age of 9. The eighth child, at age 11, returns after starting immunization.
Research from the 1990s and 2000s said that many children diagnosed with a gender disorder (mental illness that no longer exists) would solve their gender problems after old age, usually 10 to 13 years of age. Some previous studies have been criticized because pediatricians teach their parents. take them away from a human being.
In the ten years since the project was completed, recognition of gender differences has grown, medical care has changed and the number of children has changed dramatically.
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For these reasons, it is useless to compare new research with old research, says Russ Toomey, professor of family research and human development at the University of Arizona.
Dr. “It’s like comparing apples to oranges,” Toomey said. Toomey said. Many children in preschool have made boys whose parents are upset about their behavior, they say. “There are a lot of kids in the early studies who were told many times they weren’t registering themselves or being labeled transgender.”
New research can show that children change, when encouraged by their parents, to thrive on their own. But it is also possible that some children who are still seen as transitioning at the end of an education – or their parents – need to continue to struggle in the way they started. .
“I think in your opinion, people may interpret this information differently,” said Amy Tishelman, a psychiatrist at Boston College and director of the World Professional Association of Transgender Health standards. child care.
“Some people will say that children get in the way of this development and they can not leave and medical services can be reversed and they may regret it,” he said. . “Others will say that children know their gender, and when they promote their gender, they are happy.”
Although most doctors agree that community change can be helpful for some children who ask about their gender, Dr. “It is important to support converts,” Tishelman said. “It’s just that it’s so important that kids can think it’s okay to make liquids, to continue researching,” he said.
More data on the group as it extends to adolescents may indicate how many children opt for transitions after starting hormone therapy.
Dr. Olson said his group will soon be announcing a more positive study that describes the experiences of minority children in the group who have switched back to their former wives. life. These kids are doing well, she said, with support from their families.
Dr. “In our work, we do not want to know what they are fit for today and tomorrow,” Olson said.
“I think all of these children are gendered in different ways,” and we want to understand how to make their lives better. “